The Bible refers to different parts of Turkey by different names. The country now known as Turkey was never called Turkey in the Bible. Instead, it was known by many names in the past, including Asia Minor and the Hittite Empire. Since the 1300s, it has been referred to as the “land of the Turks.” In Acts 20:13 and 14:25, Assos and Attalia refer to Turkey. 

Some Bible scholars believe that the island of Lesbos may be what is now called Turkey. In Biblical times, the Aegean Sea was full of islands, and Lesbos was a major trading center. The city of Constantinople, now Istanbul, was founded by the Roman Emperor Constantine in 324 A.D. It quickly became an important center of the Christian faith. In 1453, Constantine’s city was conquered by Muslim armies and renamed Istanbul. Today, it is still a major city in Turkey and a popular tourist destination.

What is the ancient name of Turkey?

The country now called Turkey was once known as Anatolia. Anatolia is derived from the Greek word “anatolē,” meaning “East” or “rise.” Approximately 10% of present-day Turkey lies west of the Bosporus Strait, which forms the Asian part of present-day Turkey. The Roman Empire ruled over Anatolia for centuries and divided it into provinces. The Byzantine Empire later succeeded the Roman Empire and also held sway over Anatolia for many years. 

In the early medieval period, Anatolia was conquered by the Seljuk Turks, who gave the land its current name, Turkey. The Ottoman Empire later conquered Turkey and held it for centuries until the empire’s collapse in the early 20th century. Since then, Turkey has been a republic governed by secular laws.

When was Turkey recognized?

The Treaty of Lausanne was created on July 24, 1923, to recognize new sovereignty internationally. This new country was known as the Republic of Turkey and succeeded the Ottoman Empire. It was officially proclaimed on October 29 in Ankara after serving as its new capital. Turkey was known as the Ottoman Empire until the Treaty of Lausanne. The treaty allowed the Republic of Turkey to be created as a successor state. 

Where did Paul go in Turkey?

Turkey is located on both the European and Asian continents. Due to its location, it was an ideal place to spread Christianity. The Apostle Paul made the first recorded Christian missionary journey in approximately 42-43 A.D. According to the Bible, Paul traveled from Syria to Turkey, specifically to the cities of Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe. It is believed that during his time in Turkey, Paul also visited Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. While the exact route of Paul’s journey is not known, it is clear that his work had a significant impact on the spread of Christianity throughout Turkey.

What was the original religion of Turkey?

The original religion of Turkey was the Anatolian religion. Ancient people in Turkey and Armenia, including the Hittites, Hattians, Luwians, Hurrians, Assyrian colonists, Urartians, and Phrygians, all held this belief system. This religion focused on ancestor worship, nature worship, and the worship of gods and goddesses. 

The main gods and goddesses worshiped were those of the sun, moon, storms, and nature. Animal sacrifice was also a key part of this religion. The priests of the Anatolian religion would perform ceremonies and rituals to please the gods and goddesses and bring good fortune to their people. Over time, this religion began to decline as Christianity and Islam began to spread through Turkey. However, many elements of Anatolian religion can still be seen in Turkish culture today.

Who founded Turkey?

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was a Turkish field marshal and the first president of the Republic of Turkey. He was born in 1881 and passed away in 1938. He is best known for his role as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey. He served in this capacity from 1923 until the year 1938. Before 1921, he was known as Mustafa Kemal Pasha, and from 1921 until 1934, he was known as Ghazi Mustafa Kemal. He authored many works during his lifetime, but his most significant contribution was his role in founding the Republic of Turkey. Through his efforts, he helped transform Turkey into a modern, secular, and democratic nation. 

Is Turkey an Islamic country?

Turkey is often considered an Islamic country because the majority of the population is Muslim. However, Turkey is a secular country, meaning the government does not favor any particular religion. There are citizens of other religions, such as Christianity and Judaism, but they comprise a small minority of the population. All citizens are listed as “Muslim” on their national identification cards at birth unless their parents have registered them with a different religion. The Constitution of Turkey guarantees freedom of religion for all citizens, regardless of what is listed on their I.D. cards. Therefore, while Islam is an important part of Turkish culture, it is not the only religion practiced in the country.

When did Turkey convert to Islam?

The first Islamic migration to Turkey took place during the eighth century. During the Battle of Talas in the eighth century, Turkish tribes fought alongside Arab Muslims against Chinese troops. Many individuals converted to Islam in the following centuries due to royal influence. The Seljuk Turks were instrumental in spreading Islam to Anatolia during the 11th and 13th centuries. Today, 99% of the citizens in Turkey are Muslim, making it home to one of the largest Muslim populations in Europe. However, a small minority of Turkish citizens practice Christianity or Judaism. 

Can you practice Christianity in Turkey?

While the Christian population in Turkey is relatively small, many different denominations are still represented. Oriental Orthodox Christians, Roman Catholics, Antiochian Greeks, Protestants, and Mormons can all be found there. While the government does not give preferential treatment to any particular religion, Christian religious groups must register with the state to exist legally. Additionally, Christian religious instruction is not allowed in public schools. However, private schools and clubs are permitted to offer such instruction. Overall, while the Christian population in Turkey is small, they can still practice their religion relatively freely.

Is the Bible allowed in Turkey?

Turkey is a majority Muslim country, and as such, the government has placed restrictions on the distribution of Christian literature. However, visitors to the country can bring in and take out whatever Christian materials they want, including Bibles and gospel tracts. In addition, several Christian bookstores in Turkey sell Bibles and other Christian books. 


Living in Turkey can be good for anyone, regardless of their religion. Though Turkey is a Muslim-majority country, it is also a secular democracy with a long history of religious tolerance. In recent years, Turkey has become increasingly open to foreigners. There are many expats from all over the world living in major cities like Istanbul. In addition, the cost of living in Turkey is relatively low, and the country offers a wide range of attractions, from stunning coastlines to ancient ruins. So, whether you’re Muslim or not, if you’re looking for an affordable place to live with a rich cultural heritage, Turkey may be a perfect choice.


Sarah Goodwin

A passionate Christian and Bible enthusiast, I find joy in delving deep into Scripture and sharing its timeless wisdom with my readers. Through words, I aspire to illuminate the profound lessons the Bible offers, hoping to inspire faith and purpose in every heart. Join me on a journey of biblical exploration and spiritual growth.Enter your text here...

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