Welcome to our exploration of how the Bible is organized. It can seem like a daunting book because of its size and ancient origins, but a clear understanding of its structure illuminates the timeless truths it contains. The Bible isn’t a single book, but a compilation of various books and letters written over a period of about 1500 years. So, how is the Bible organized? What principles guide its structure? How is it relevant to Christians today?

The Structure of The Bible

The Bible is divided into two primary sections: The Old Testament, written before the birth of Jesus Christ, and the New Testament, which follows His arrival. Each section consists of various books that are further organized into chapters and verses.

The Old Testament

The Old Testament, following the standard Protestant Bible, contains 39 books. These books are grouped into four sections: the Pentateuch (also known as The Law), Historical books, Poetical books, and the Prophets.

The Pentateuch (The Law)

The first five books of the Old Testament — Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy — are called the Pentateuch, attributed to Moses. They lay the foundation for God’s covenant with His people and His laws.

Historical Books

Following the Pentateuch are twelve historical books that narrate the history of the Israelites from the entrance into Canaan to their eventual exile.

Poetical Books

These five books, including Job, Psalms, and Proverbs, contain wisdom literature and poetry acclaimed for their literary beauty and spiritual insights.

The Prophets

The Old Testament concludes with seventeen books of prophecy, addressing God’s messages delivered through His prophets.

The New Testament

The New Testament contains 27 books, again organized in distinct sections: the Gospels, History (Acts of the Apostles), the Pauline Epistles (letters), the General Epistles, and the book of Revelation.

The Gospels

The accounts of Jesus’s life and teachings are given in four Gospels — Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Acts of the Apostles

Acts, written by Luke, provides the history of the early Christian church after Jesus’s ascension.

Pauline and General Epistles

Paul’s thirteen letters to various churches and individuals make up the Pauline Epistles. The General or Catholic Epistles consist of eight letters authored by various Apostles.


The New Testament concludes with Revelation. This prophetic and apocalyptic book comes from John, offering a glimpse into end times and the final victory of God.

The Relevance of Bible’s Organization to Christians Today

The Bible’s organization is not merely historical or academic; it profoundly affects how Christians live their faith today. Through its structure, the Bible provides a rich tapestry of diverse yet unified messages. It gives a full spectrum of theological and moral teachings, from the laws of Moses and the wisdom books to the transforming messages of Jesus and His followers.


The Bible, though seemingly complex, is methodically organized, helping readers navigate its profound truths. Understanding its structure illuminates its breadth and depth, revealing the Bible as a harmonious whole. Using this guide on how the Bible is organized, we hope you feel more at ease in your exploration of scripture and come to deeper understanding of God’s redemptive story.


Sarah Goodwin

A passionate Christian and Bible enthusiast, I find joy in delving deep into Scripture and sharing its timeless wisdom with my readers. Through words, I aspire to illuminate the profound lessons the Bible offers, hoping to inspire faith and purpose in every heart. Join me on a journey of biblical exploration and spiritual growth.Enter your text here...

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