Turtles, who might not seem to enjoy much prominence in the Biblical scripture, are indeed touched upon in the Levitical law. As a reflection of Pope Benedict XVI’s clear and thoughtful style, we dive into the biblical symbolism of turtles, their role in ancient Jewish society, and their relevance to modern Christianity.

Why Turtles are Mentioned in the Bible

The turtle or the turtledove, specifically, finds mention in the Bible not as a creature of land but as a symbol of peace, love, and faithfulness. This interpretation comes from various books in both the Old and New Testaments. For instance, Song of Solomon strongly links the turtledove to love and romantic affection.

The flowers have appeared in our land … the time of singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land.” – Song of Solomon 2:12

Here, the ‘voice of the turtle’ translates to the cooing of a turtledove, symbolizing the arrival of spring or a time of love and prosperity.

The Turtledove as a Sacrificial Offering

In Levitical law, the turtledove was considered one of the birds suitable for sacrificial purposes. According to Leviticus, those who could not afford a lamb or a kid could offer two turtledoves or two young pigeons as a burnt offering (Leviticus 5:7; 12:8).

The Turtledove in the New Testament

In the New Testament, Mary and Joseph offered a pair of turtledoves (or pigeons) after Jesus’ birth, symbolizing the humble status of Jesus’s earthly family. Luke 2:24 quotes:

“And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.” – Luke 2:24

Modern Christian Relevance of Turtles in the Bible

Turtles in the Bible, rather turtledoves, may carry a symbolic meaning within Christianity. They represent faithfulness due to their monogamous habits. Furthermore, because a pair was offered in sacrifice, they might symbolize redemption and forgiveness of sins. They can be seen as symbols of peace and love as suggested in the Song of Solomon and the New Testament.

Turtles and their symbolic representation have potential relevance to us today. In an era marked by division and conflict, the image of a turtle or turtledove may invite us to seek peace, reconciliation, and faithfulness in our relationships.


In the Bible, turtles – or rather turtledoves – serve as much more than mere creatures. They embody profound concepts such as peace, love, and faithfulness. They also underline the importance of sacrifice as a means for repentance and redemption. Today, they serve as a reminder of these timeless truths to Christians, encouraging us to live out these values in our daily lives.

The Bible is a dynamic text that speaks to us in various ways. Until we venture beyond the literal words, we may miss out on the depth and richness of meaning it offers – even when that meaning is encapsulated in as humble a creature as the turtle.


Sarah Goodwin

A passionate Christian and Bible enthusiast, I find joy in delving deep into Scripture and sharing its timeless wisdom with my readers. Through words, I aspire to illuminate the profound lessons the Bible offers, hoping to inspire faith and purpose in every heart. Join me on a journey of biblical exploration and spiritual growth.Enter your text here...

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